Vitamin D supplements are declared useless

Vitamin D supplements are declared useless

Intake of Vitamin D supplements does not prevent fractures or falls, or improve bone mineral density in adults, especially in women, claimed a new Lancet study. "The report included all available trials of vitamin D, but such trials included too few participants, used an insufficient dose of vitamin D, and had an insufficient duration of treatment", said Dr Robert Clarke, professor of epidemiology and public health at the University of Oxford.

Scientists from the University of Auckland in New Zealand and the University of Aberdeen in the United Kingdom said there is no longer any need for future research in this area, stating that additional trials are unlikely to change the results.

Prof Bolland said things have changed since 2014, when the last major review of the evidence was carried out.

"We believe there is no justification for more trials of vitamin D supplements with musculoskeletal outcomes because there is no longer equipoise about the effects of vitamin D on these outcomes".

This is the largest meta-analysis to date, combining data from 81 randomised controlled trials, involving more 53,500 participants, with more than half the studies involving daily dosing.

It is made in the body naturally as a result of exposure to sunlight, which is why people living in northern climates and those who cover up their skin may have lower levels than they should.

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Contrary to current medical guidelines, a meta-analysis suggests that vitamin D supplements do not significantly improve bone health. Supplements are advised in particular for those with bone conditions such as osteoporosis, which typically affects older people. It can also be found in certain foods such as fishes, eggs, and milk.

Vitamin D supplementation was shown to have no effect on total fracture, hip fracture or falls.

Vitamin D supplements. According to researchers, vitamin D supplements do not give special health benefits to people who are not deficient.

"I look forward to those studies giving us the last word on vitamin D", Professor Gallagher concluded.

"This thinking is reminiscent of the fervour that supported the widespread use of vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E years ago, and all of those vitamin trials later proved to be clinically negative".

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