Google Doodle honours Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana

Google Doodle marks the 96th Birth Anniversary of Har Gobind Khorana

Khorana is also renowned for constructing the first synthetic gene and received a multitude of awards during his lifetime, including the National Medal of Science.

Working independently of each other, the researchers mapped out what's now the central dogma of biology - that information is stored in DNA, a genetic instruction manual, and then transcribed into RNA, which in turn is translated into the language of proteins.

According to, "Marshall Nirenberg, Har Gobind Khorana, and Robert Holley shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine".

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Dr. Khorana then spent time at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule in Zurich with Professor Vladimir Prelog, returned to India for a brief period and then back to England where his interest in proteins and nucleic acids came to fruition in Cambridge. There are four types of nucleotides for each DNA, and RNA, an the order in which they are put connected - forming the double helix is important for determining which types of proteins the cells create.

Khorana did stints in research institutions in Switzerland and Canada before landing at the Institute for Enzyme Research and the University of Wisconsin, Madison. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out the functions of a living cell. Using these enzymes, he was able to produce proteins. He constructed the world's first artificial gene in early 1970. He was also felicitated with a Padma Vibhushan.

Har Gobind Khorana "was married in 1952 to Esther Elizabeth Sibler, who is of Swiss origin", according to The Nobel Prize biography. In 1978, he was elected as Foreign Member of the Royal Society. He passed away on November 9, 2011.

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