American trio win Nobel Prize for Medicine over circadian rhythms work

Who was Alfred Nobel the Swedish scientist behind the Nobel Prize

Young are the joint winners of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, winning for their discoveries about how internal clocks and biological rhythms govern human life.

Thomas Perlmann, Secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, announces the winners of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Nobel Forum in Stockholm, Sweden October 2, 2017.

The scientists were able to establish how man's biological clock helps to regulate sleep patterns, feeding behavior, hormone release and blood pressure.

Juleen Zierath, from the Nobel Assembly, said: "What it can do is raise awareness to the proper importance of sleep hygiene and the importance of really making certain we allow ourselves to go to bed at an hour that's suitable". What they found was that gene encodes a protein that accumulates in a cell during the night and is then degraded throughout the day.

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Michael Rosbash, professor of biology and neuroscience at Brandeis.

The citation for the nine million kronor (£820,000) prize said the researchers isolated a gene which controls the normal daily biological rhythm, or circadian rhythm.

While many of us might rely on a watch, the human body actually already contains a biological clock that helps regulate our sleep, fix our bodies and even prevent us from getting unwell. "There are also indications that chronic misalignment between our lifestyle and the rhythm dictated by our inner time keeper is associated with increased risk for various diseases". "I hadn't even had a thought about this", he said.

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